Recovered: History of the Z Pinch and Theta Pinch Rewritten!

Beyond the boundaries of established science an avalanche of exotic ideas compete for our attention. Experts tell us that these ideas should not be permitted to take up the time of working scientists, and for the most part they are surely correct. But what about the gems in the rubble pile? By what ground-rules might we bring extraordinary new possibilities to light?

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Recovered: History of the Z Pinch and Theta Pinch Rewritten!

Unread post by junglelord » Tue Mar 18, 2008 5:53 am

You know I have stumbled onto something big I believe! You could say I have made a shockingly big discovery!


How many of us have actual experience with a Pinch Machine?


How many Pinch Machines are there today and who built the first one?

Well the answers may surprise you. The first Z Pinch was created circa 1790!
The first creation of a z-pinch in the laboratory may have occurred in 1790 in Holland when Martinus van Marum created an explosion by discharging 100 Leyden jars into a wire.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bennett_pinch

That one fact alone I just learned last night. Thats not what disturbs me though! Its the fact that history is sadly lacking in accuracy when it comes to the Pinch Machine. It also seems that the power of todays modern Z Pinch has caught the attention of the EU. But does the modern Z Pinch really accurately model the sun> is there some other Pinch Machine that more accurately models the sun? If so who built it?>


The first powerful Theta Pinch was built and tested by Nikola Tesla. Its called the Magnifying Transmitter. It is with his Magnifying Transmitter and its design that he discovered Longitudinal Electric Energy.

That fact is found nowhere in Pinch history I have researched....but it is a fact! Neither have any Tesla sites I visited made that correlation. I seem to be the first one to make the connection! Until someone else can point to anyone else stateing the ovbious, then it looks like I am the bringer of light!


Do all Pinch Machines discharge in the Z axis?


No! Pinch Machines can discharge in the azimuth direction or Theta direction. Called a Theta Pinch it performs the same function as a Z Pinch but in the Azimuth direction. Its construction and use are attributed to Bennett and not Tesla!
A pinch is the compression of an electrically conducting filament by magnetic forces. The conductor is usually a plasma, but could also be a solid or liquid metal. In a z-pinch, the current is axial (in the z direction in a cylindrical coordinate system) and the magnetic field azimuthal; in a theta-pinch, the current is azimuthal (in the theta direction in cylindrical coordinates) and the magnetic field is axial. The phenomenon may also be referred to as a "Bennett pinch"[1] (after Willard Harrison Bennett), "electromagnetic pinch"[2], "magnetic pinch"[3], "pinch effect"or "plasma pinch".

Pinches occur naturally in electrical discharges such as lightning bolts, the aurora, current sheets, and solar flares. They are also produced in the laboratory, primarily for research into fusion power.

a further look into the Theta Pinch revels some more history but again Tesla is no where to be found.
In their article on the "Wire-array z-pinch: a powerful x-ray source for ICF", M G Haines et al, wrote on the "Early history of z-pinches":

In 1946 Thompson and Blackman submitted a patent for a fusion reactor based on a toroidal z-pinch

So in reality Tesla was running a Theta Pinch in 1899, which more correctly represents the Pinch effect of a spherical, spiral or toroid shape. We all know the sun is spherical. Not only that but his Magnifiying Transmitter Pinch effect was his eureka moment that the Ionosphere and earth was and could be effected by this Longitudinal Energy. HAARP is a Tesla Magnifying Transmitter.

So what have we learned?
#1 Tesla built and experimented with a specific design Pinch known as a Theta Pinch.

#2 With that device he found Longitudinal Electric Energy.

#3 His own personal design for the Pinch effect was a Spiral Coil and a Spherical Copper shape. Fundamental shapes of nature and the stars and birkeland currents. Rotating Spiral Energy and Copper Spheres. Sounds very much like the sun!

It is my contention that Tesla and his particular Pinch Machine the Magnifying Transmitter was fundamentaly more like the sun in many more respects then any device before or since. Other Pinch Machines do not come close to representing nature in shape or performance as the Tesla Magnifying Transmitter. The use of copper spheres, spiral coils and the copy of nature was fundamental to Tesla. Birkeland did the same with his Terrella experiments. Tesla realized that the Pinch effect was losses in the system. He then wanted to eliminate those losses and harness effecient wireless energy. HAARP is an example of that device. HAARP certainly lacks the brillance of Tesla or Viktor Schauberger as it did not incorporate nature anymore then the current Z Pinch does. We need to reconsider what Pinch effect most resembles the stars! To investigate the problem we need to recreate labratory experiments in this new light. The use of a non natural Z Pinch is very unlike the sun and fundamentally retarded in its approach. Think about it. How did Tesla and Birkeland study natural phenomenom> like Schauberger they recreated the system as it appears naturally. The modern Z Pinch is sorely lacking in this regard!
23857157xb5.jpg
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If you only knew the magnificence of the 3, 6 and 9, then you would have a key to the universe.
— Nikola Tesla
Casting Out the Nines from PHI into Indigs reveals the Cosmic Harmonic Code.
— Junglelord.
Knowledge is Structured in Consciouness. Structure and Function Cannot Be Seperated.
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Re: History of the Z Pinch and Theta Pinch Rewritten!

Unread post by junglelord » Tue Mar 18, 2008 5:54 am

Crank up the voltage over 600kv and wind spiral coils and interrupt the direct current in very short pulses and you too can make a Tesla Magnifying Transmitter. Put away that spherical Tesla coil and enter the world of Longitudinal Vortex Energy via the Tesla Magnifying Transmitter.

Short recap. Tesla built a Pinch Machine that more resembled the physical shape and electric dynamics of the sun and was therefore a Theta Pinch. He discovered Impulse Radiant Longitudinal Electric Energy in the process. This Radiant Electric Longitudinal wave could transmitt DC over space. It generated a pressure wave of neutrinos and its coronal discharge more represented star light. It did not need magnetic induction and it was not restricited to the inverse sqaure of the distance law. The rays neither diminished with the inverse square of the distance nor the inverse of the distance from their source. They seemed to stretch out in a progressive shock-shell to great distances without any ap­parent loss. Under further test as seen below he described it as a Corona or Whitefire. In effect, Tesla had managed to interrupt a high voltage direct current several thousand times per second. In doing so, he had discovered a way to completely separate electrostatic energy from current impulses. Tesla found it possible to produce millions of electrostatic volts by this method without any current. He discovered that the shape of the conical secondary capacitors to be important so geometry played its role. He discovered electrostatic resonace with his test and experiments.

He found that the transformative abilities of these smooth copper coils were maximum when the coil mass equaled the mass of the impulser's conductive copper strap. It did not matter how thin the coil windings were. The equality of copper masses brought maximum trans­formative effects. When this equal mass condition was fulfilled, Tesla said that the coil-capacitors were "in resonance". Electrostatic resonance. White discharges from each of these free ends had very different char­acteristics, indicating the unidirectional flow. Electropositive terminals al­ways appeared brush-like and broad. Electronegative terminals always ap­peared constricted and dart-like. He began placing these "secondary" coils within his "primary" impulser circuit. The strap, which connected his magnetic arc to the capacitors, formed the "primary". He made necessary distinctions among his Transformer com­ponents. Few engineers actually appreciate these distinctions. The "primary" and "secondary" of Tesla Transformers are not magnetic inductors. They are resistive capacitors. Coil-shaped capacitors! Tesla Transformer action is elec­trostatic induction.



The magnifying transmitter, a Theta Pinch machine was the focus of Tesla's investigations in Colorado, is an advanced form of radio frequency oscillator specifically designed for wireless transmission. In addition to the primary and secondary inductors which made up the classic Tesla coil, Tesla added a third inductor, actually a helical resonator, known as the extra coil. Power from the grounded primary / secondary combination, now known as the master oscillator, was fed to the lower end of the extra coil helical resonator through a heavy electrical conductor.
tesla1cyk8.jpg

Above: Nikola Tesla, with Roger Boskovich's book "Theoria Philosophiae Naturalis", in front of the spiral coil of his high-frequency transformer at East Houston St., New York
magnifier202ej4.jpg


This centrally located extra coil was separated by a wide space from the other two coils, which comprised the master oscillator section. Such spacing minimizes inductive coupling between the extra coil and the master oscillator, preventing, for the most part, a portion of the energy that is continuously flowing into the resonator from passing backward through the system and becoming lost. In addition to maximizing the efficiency of the system, allowing development of the highest possible power output for power consumed, the extra coil also served as the device's main transmitting element.

While Tesla's wireless transmitter and present day radio transmitters are fundamentally the same, the method in which Tesla preferred to use his apparatus was radically different from that which is employed in present day radio systems. Conventional radio transmitters are set up so as to maximize the amount of power radiated from the antenna. When used for long range transmission, such equipment must process tremendous amounts of power in order to counteract the reduction in field strength (P = 1/R2) encountered as the signal radiates outward from its point of origin. In contrast, Tesla's magnifying transmitter was configured so as to minimize the power which was radiated out into space. Instead of being directed into an elevated antenna, the electrical energy flowing through Tesla's transmitter was sent instead into the extra coil.

Rather than acting as a radiator, the large metallic spheroid, now known as an isotropic capacitance, which Tesla positioned above the extra coil was intended only as a reservoir for electrical charge. Another important component of Tesla's Long Island apparatus was an underground array of iron pipes which extended outward from the bottom of a deep shaft beneath the transmitter tower. When coupled with the transmitter these pipes provided a connection to the earth through which a powerful oscillating electrical current would flow. Unlike a conventional radio transmitter with an antenna that radiates dissipating electromagnetic waves out into space, the magnifying transmitter's extra coil excites a low-frequency ground wave called the Zenneck surface wave. In this case the propagating energy does not radiate into space but is concentrated near the earth's surface. Furthermore, Tesla asserted that it is possible to periodically disturb the equilibrium of the earth's electrical charge and cause it to oscillate with his apparatus. This would be accomplished by superposing an extra low frequency baseband signal on the somewhat higher frequency signal coursing through the resonator -- the low frequency current in the presence of an enveloping corona-induced plasma of free charge carriers produced by the oscillator in effect "pumping" the earth's charge.

It is believed the resulting ground current with the associated Zenneck surface wave complex would have propagated wireless transmissions to any distance around the earth with as little as 5% loss due to radiation. Using a global array of these magnifying transmitters, it was Tesla's plan to establish what he called the World System, providing multichannel global broadcasting, an array of secure wireless telecommunications services, and a long range aid to navigation, including means for the precise synchronization of clocks. In a more highly developed state he envisioned the World System could expand to include the wireless transmission of electrical power.

Telsa at work, below. The shot was taken without Tesla actually in the room with the coil in operation, and the images were combined using a technique similar to a "time delay", double exposure shot. No one could survive in the room with the voltage present, not even Tesla, himself. It does make for a great effect, though, which is exactly what the picture did, at the time.
teslaatworkcoilto3.gif
Nikola Tesla seated inside a circular framework 51 feet in diameter, which supported the primary and secondary conductors of the largest Tesla coil ever built, at his Colorado Springs experimental station in 1899. The oscillator is operating at 100 khz, and the discharges occur with a deafening roar striking an unconnected, comparatively smaller diameter coil 22 feet away. The activity of the oscillator created earth currents of such magnitude that sparks an inch long could be drawn from a water main at a distance of 300 feet from the station. The inscription on the photograph is addressed to Sir William Crookes and reads; To my illustrious friend Sir William Crookes of whom I always think and whose letters I never answer. June 17, 1901 Nikola Tesla.

The special coil, 8 feet in length and 14 inches in diameter, wound for investigation of the influence of elevation upon the capacity of an elevated conductor, appears to the right in this interior view of the Tesla laboratory.
746pxteslacoloradoqs8.jpg


His early work in Colorado was a Theta Pinch effect with the early versions of the Magnifying Transmitter. In Colorado Springs, Colorado, Tesla built a laboratory to develop this Longitudinal Energy. The Colorado Springs lab contained the largest Tesla Coil ever built. Called the Magnifying Transmitter, it was capable of generating some 300,000 watts of power, 12 Million Volts and could produce a bolt of lightning over 130 feet long. According to local accounts, Tesla actually managed to successfully transmit about 30 to 50 thousand watts of power, without wires, using the Transmitter. Test of wireless power transmission were conducted 26 miles away and Tesla lit 200 Edison Vacuum bulbs of 50 watt power to full brillance. There are detailed accounts of these feats, below. Telsa at work. The shot was taken without Tesla actually in the room with the coil in operation, and the images were combined using a technique similar to a "time delay", double exposure shot. No one could survive in the room with the voltage present, not even Tesla, himself. It does make for a great effect, though, which is exactly what the picture did, at the time.

View the following link for more photos and descriptions.
http://www.teslascience.org/archive/archive.htm

http://72.14.205.104/search?q=cache:Qxr ... cd=1&gl=ca
Last edited by bboyer on Tue Mar 18, 2008 6:03 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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If you only knew the magnificence of the 3, 6 and 9, then you would have a key to the universe.
— Nikola Tesla
Casting Out the Nines from PHI into Indigs reveals the Cosmic Harmonic Code.
— Junglelord.
Knowledge is Structured in Consciouness. Structure and Function Cannot Be Seperated.
— Junglelord

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Re: History of the Z Pinch and Theta Pinch Rewritten!

Unread post by junglelord » Tue Mar 18, 2008 5:55 am

I think the entire journey with the information listed below makes it clear that the true and only deserving father of modern EU is Nikola Tesla. Not only did he create and operate the first Theta Pinch, the Magnifying Transmitter, when taken into account alone is incredible.
But along with the sheer volume of his contributions to the EU both theoritcal and practical which include his list of patents and electric inventions, vacuum tubes, plasma arcs, radio control, longitudinal energy including neutrino emission, telecommunications, created lightning bolts and ball lightning make him the father of the EU. No single person before or after has come close to his personal journey into the EU and I think we can all agree on that. Along with the following information makes him the the true master of electricity and the EU.

NIKOLA TESLA AND THE EXPLORATION OF COSMOS
Nikola Tesla is discoverer of radio and remote control, so important for computer guided spaceships from mission control centers. Nikola Tesla is the father of radio astronomy, in his laboratory in Colorado Springs, Colorado, in 1899 he recorded cosmic radio waves. The cosmic radio waves were emitted from hydroxyl molecules of interstellar gas clouds and the envelopes of Red Giant Stars. They are very important for the exploration of cosmos. The BBC film Masters of the Ionosphere features Nikola Tesla as the first scientist who utilized the ionosphere for the scientific purposes. The ionosphere is the ionic-charged part of the atmosphere, important for the transmission of radio waves. Nikola Tesla signaled Mars by radio, he spent fifty years of his life to establish communications among of the planets by means of radio.

http://www.teslasociety.com/cosmos.htm

Magnifying transmitter

In the late 1880's, Dr. Nikola Tesla accidently discovered an electrostatic "super-charging" effect while trying to verify Hertz' discovery of electromagnetic waves. After hundreds of experiments, he learned how to control and maximize this phenomenon. This led him to the discovery that electricity is made up of different components that can be separated from each other, and that a pure, gaseous, etheric energy can be fractionated away from the flow of electrons in a circuit designed to produce short duration, unidirectional impulses. When all of the conditions were right, this Longitudinal Impulse energy would manifest itself as a spatially distributed voltage that would radiate away from the electrical circuit as a "light-like ray" that could charge other surfaces within the field. Tesla found that this effect was greatly magnified when these impulse currents were produced by the discharge of a capacitor. This huge explosion of electrostatic energy, that radiates away at right angles from the capacitor discharge pathway, is the primary operating principle of his Magnifying Transmitter. With amazing device, Tesla planned to broadcast energy to the whole world from his facility at Wardenclyffe, New York.

Double exposure publicity photo of Tesla sitting in his laboratory in Colorado Springs with his "magnifying transmitter" generating millions of volts of electricity. The arcs are about 22 feet (7 m) long.
746pxteslacoloradoqs8.jpg


The lab possessed the largest Tesla Coil ever built, fifty-two feet (16 m) in diameter, known as the Magnifying Transmitter (further MT). Not identical to a classic Tesla Coil, it was a three-coil magnifying system requiring different forms of analysis than lumped-constant coupled resonant coils presently described to most. It resonated at a natural quarter wavelength frequency and could work in a continuous-wave mode and in a partially damped-wave resonant mode.

According to accounts, Tesla used it to transmit tens of thousands of watts of power wirelessly; it could generate millions of volts of electricity and produce lightning bolts more than one-hundred feet (30 m) long. Tesla posted a large fence around it with a sign "Keep Out - Great Danger".

Wireless transmission was tested some 26 miles away from the station. In it, a power receiver was tuned to one of the rebroadcast rates. The 200 lamps housed within this structure, each of 50 watts rating, all remained brilliantly illuminated throughout the test runs.

Tesla became the first man to create electrical effects on the scale of lightning. The MT produced thunder which was heard as far away as Cripple Creek. People near the lab would observe sparks emitting from the ground to their feet and through their shoes. Some have observed electrical sparks from the fire hydrants (Tesla for a time grounded out to the plumbing of the city). The area around the laboratory would glow with a blue corona (similar to St. Elmo's Fire).

One of Tesla's experiments with the MT destroyed Colorado Springs Electric Company's generator by backfeeding the city's power generators, and blacked out the city. The company denied Tesla further access to the backup generator's feed if he did not repair the primary generator at his own expense; it was working again in a few days.

Tuned circuits

Tesla also constructed many smaller resonance transformers and discovered the concept of tuned electrical circuits. He also developed a number of coherers for separating and perceiving electromagnetic waves and designed rotating coherers which he used to detect the unique types of electromagnetic phenomenon he observed. They had a mechanism of geared wheels driven by a coiled spring-drive mechanism which rotated small glass cylinders. These experiments were the final stage of years of work on synchronized tuned electrical circuits.

These transceivers were constructed to demonstrate how signals could be "tuned in". Tesla logged in his diary on July 3, 1899 that a separate resonance transformer tuned to the same high frequency as a larger high-voltage resonance transformer would transceive energy from the larger coil, acting as a transmitter of wireless energy, which was used to confirm Tesla's patent for radio during later disputes in the courts. These air core high-frequency resonate coils were the predecessors of systems from radio to radar and medical magnetic resonance imaging devices.

Propagation and Resonance

On July 3, 1899, Tesla discovered terrestrial stationary waves within the earth. He demonstrated that the Earth behaves as a smooth polished conductor and possesses electrical vibrations. He experimented with waves characterized by a lack of vibration at points, between which areas of maximum vibration occur periodically. These standing waves were produced by confining waves within constructed conductive boundaries. Tesla demonstrated that the Earth could respond at predescribed frequencies of electrical vibrations. At this time, Tesla realized that it was possible to transceive power around the globe. A few years later, George Westinghouse stopped funding Tesla's research when Tesla showed him that he could offer free electricity to the whole world by simply "ramming a stick in the earth in your backyard". Westinghouse said he would go bankrupt if that happened.

Tesla conducted experiments contributing to the understanding of electromagnetic propagation and the Earth's resonance. It is well documented (from various photos from the time) that he lit hundreds of lamps wirelessly at a distance of up to twenty-five miles (40 km). He transmitted signals several kilometres and lit neon tubes conducting through the ground. He researched ways to transmit energy wirelessly over long distances. He transmitted extremely low frequencies through the ground in his experiments and made mathematical calculations and computations based on his experiments and discovered that the resonant frequency of the Earth was approximately 8 Hz (Hertz). In the 1950s, researchers confirmed resonant frequency was in this range (interesting to note, Theta brain waves also cycle in this range).

Cosmic Waves


In the Colorado Springs lab, Tesla recorded what he concluded were extraterrestrial radio signals and announced his findings in some of the scientific journals of the time. His announcements and data were rejected by the scientific community who did not believe him. He notes measurements of repetitive signals from his receiver which are substantially different from the signals he had noted from storms and earth noise. Specifically, he later recalled that the signals appeared in groups of clicks 1, 2, 3, and 4 clicks together. He stated in the article "A Giant Eye to See Round the World", of February 25, 1923, that:

"Twenty-two years ago, while experimenting in Colorado with a wireless power plant, I obtained extraordinary experimental evidence of the existence of life on Mars. I had perfected a wireless receiver of extraordinary sensitiveness, far beyond anything known, and I caught signals which I interpreted as meaning 1--2--3--4. I believe the Martians used numbers for communication because numbers are universal."

Clearly, Tesla felt the signal groups originated on the planet Mars. In 1996 Corum and Corum published an analysis of Jovian plasma torus signals which indicate that there was a correspondence between the setting of Mars at Colorado Springs, and the cessation of signals from Jupiter in the summer of 1899 when Tesla was there. Further, analysis by the Corums indicate that Tesla's transceiver was sensitive in the 18 kHz gap in the Kennelly-Heaviside layer which would have allowed that reception from Jupiter. Therefore, there is evidence the signals Tesla noticed came from Jupiter, among other possible sources. Tesla spent the latter part of his life trying to signal Mars.

It is important to recognize that when he says he "recorded" these signals, it is meant that he wrote down the data and his impressions of what he had heard. He did release reports at the time. Tesla¹s initial announcement of the existence of extraterrestrial radio signals was in 1899. In March of 1907, Tesla wrote about signaling to Mars in Harvard Magazine and how it was a problem of electrical engineering. Additional descriptions come from remembrances twenty years later. All this was met with resistance and disbelief by his contemporaries.

http://www.crystalinks.com/tesla.html

Birkeland explained the northen lights, with Terrela experiments, Tesla with electric resonance via his Magnifying Transmitter played with them. Lets not forget that HAARP is a Tesla Magnifying Transmitter! HAARP has publicly claimed to have created false auoras!


Full a full journey into the Four Field Theory of Electricity and the Hydromagnetic Field Vortex Theory go here.
http://www.thunderbolts.info/forum/phpB ... 33&start=0
ntesla2xa8.jpg
Last edited by bboyer on Tue Mar 18, 2008 6:17 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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If you only knew the magnificence of the 3, 6 and 9, then you would have a key to the universe.
— Nikola Tesla
Casting Out the Nines from PHI into Indigs reveals the Cosmic Harmonic Code.
— Junglelord.
Knowledge is Structured in Consciouness. Structure and Function Cannot Be Seperated.
— Junglelord

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Re: History of the Z Pinch and Theta Pinch Rewritten!

Unread post by junglelord » Tue Mar 18, 2008 5:56 am

There is a fundamental disconnect going on in science and it has been pointed out by the EU itself. To study physical systems one needs to model experiments on those systems. Birkeland and his Terrella Experiments were a classical example.
terella1dd1.jpg
Now how can we study a Stellar Pinch Effect if our Pinch Machine does not copy the system?

It is apparent that the only Pinch Machine that approached the natural shape and characteristics of the sun was the Tesla Magnifying Transmitter. That is therefore fundamental to the problem at hand. The current Z Pinch does not model the shape and therefore the characteristics of a stellar pinch. How can we model our theory on that? We cannot.

We could learn alot by designing a Pinch Machine like Tesla and study the effects in more detail. What could we learn from a combined approach with a Birkeland Terrella Experiment and a Tesla Magnifying Transmitter>

Ie put one in a vacuum chamber?

All that money spent on particle accelerators and imagine what we would know if we spent some money on experiments like Tesla, Birkeland or Schauberger would design. There truly is a disconnect with modern research and the search for solutions. That disconnect is not only in purely math models which are impossible to substanciate but in actual experiments that never include nature in its design. Fundamentaly flawed from the onset if your study is natural systems.

It is ovbious that the modern Z Pinch does not replicate all of the effects of the Tesla Magnifying Transmitter. That is because it is not modeled on the sun. Tesla claimed that a pressure wave was present. Meyl claims that pressure wave to have been Neutrinos. This was Tesla in 1899. The Neutrino was not discovered until 1930! Was the Tesla Impulse Magnifying Transmitter the worlds first and only true stellar pinch?


We can only go forward with some money in the right direction. I wonder what we would learn? I know that until we do proper research we are only looking in a dimmly lit mirror. I suspect that as Tesla found out the Maxwell Quaternion Electric Theory is not complete. We will never go forward until we take a few steps back in the past with the great work of Tesla. If we so choose, we can build and test his experiments that were modeled on the actual system. Modern electric design does not contemplate these fundamental approaches and therefore is fundamentally flawed. That leads to a fundamental gap in the EU knowledge. These problems can be corrected and I believe solved. Until someone moves in that direction, we are all looking in the same dim mirror.

This thread is dedicated to the memory of Tesla and Birkeland...but more important it is also ment to be a catalyst for the EU and the IEEE and the Plasma Scientist. Can we as a group make funding and insightful experiments based on nature a reality> can we take up the banner of Tesla, Birkeland and truly walk with the insight of these great men? Or will we continue to be subjected to the direction that science and experiments have gone? If we want to swim up stream and the EU seems to be destined to do that as modern science is more like dogma, then we need to create a new breed of men and women. People who are fully aware of the past and build on it by seeking nature to give us the details in experments that mimic nature.

Then and only then will nature truly revel her secrets, but only if we choose to ask her.
Last edited by bboyer on Tue Mar 18, 2008 6:19 pm, edited 1 time in total.
Reason: formatting, added pics
If you only knew the magnificence of the 3, 6 and 9, then you would have a key to the universe.
— Nikola Tesla
Casting Out the Nines from PHI into Indigs reveals the Cosmic Harmonic Code.
— Junglelord.
Knowledge is Structured in Consciouness. Structure and Function Cannot Be Seperated.
— Junglelord

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Re: History of the Z Pinch and Theta Pinch Rewritten!

Unread post by junglelord » Tue Mar 18, 2008 5:57 am

Posted: Sun Jan 20, 2008 11:07 pm Post subject: Reply with quote
junglelord wrote:
Now how can we study a Stellar Pinch Effect if our Pinch Machine does not copy the system?
:?

We could learn alot by designing a Pinch Machine like Tesla and study the effects in more detail. What could we learn from a combined approach with a Birkeland Terrella Experiment and a Tesla Magnifying Transmitter>

Ie put one in a vacuum chamber?

All that money spent on particle accelerators and imagine what we would know if we spent some money on experiments like Tesla, Birkeland or Schauberger would design.

Gee you have really presented a serious issue that needs to be addressed. But the bottom line is finding the money to support such research remembering that Official Science (Government + Business Interest Groups) do not necessarily want to advance scientific truth...especially if related to alternative energy sources.(e.g. see Hydrogen Cold Fusion/alternative energy Twisted Evil suppressed)
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It is my belief that Tesla is well studied in Black Operations Technology. The Cold War was a Tesla Technology race in large part. Tesla had disseminated his Technology in porpriotory fashion to several countries when Russia was still our friends. See part three and the Russian Woodpecker Signal which is Tesla Technology.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pTiiblwwLPk
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nXfWbEiT ... re=related
http://www.youtube.com/results?search_q ... rch=Search
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lExTqblIH_8

Tesla was not liked by the very rich or the very powerful. He did not make friends with JP Morgan as he was intending to delivery free wireless energy, while Marconi was successfull in Tansatlantic wireless transmission of signals with Tesla Technology, Morgan was furious. We can see that the need for Energy is a powerful force in governments and politics today and massive amounts of money.

Tesla also was not liked by J Edger Hoover or the National Defense because he had disseminated his work. They took his work hours after he died. Its clear that the Industrial Military Complex owns the most advanced technology and National Defense makes it very secret.

I fully believe that the Industrial Military Complex has made test of which I speak. National Defense means I will never know. It is not outside the relm of possibility.

The world is still controlled by the very rich and the very powerful. The need for oil and energy is a incredibly powerful force of industry and money. Tesla wanted to give free energy. I can think of no other reason why he was written out of text books.

National Security is at an all time high. I don't see much happening on disclosure any time soon pertaining to the unification of electrogravity although I have found several public scientist who have come to that conclusions in their work on Tesla Technology.

HAARP is Tesla Impulse Magnifying Tansmitter Technology and powers the Aurora. Tesla was going to use the Ionosphere to transmitt electric energy. HAARP is an efficent Magnifiying Transmitter. Because it can cause a false Aurora and because the original versions of the Impulse Magnifying Transmitter were a increcibly powerful Theta Pinch it only gives more evidence that Tesla and the EU cannot be seperated.

The last and most fundamental reason is we need a complete theory of electricity. Which may turn out to lead to a Unified Field Theory.Tesla is the historical person with all those credentials.

http://www.thunderbolts.info/forum/phpB ... .php?t=966
http://www.thunderbolts.info/forum/phpB ... 33&start=0
Last edited by bboyer on Tue Mar 18, 2008 6:27 pm, edited 1 time in total.
Reason: formatting, re-included contextual posts from others
If you only knew the magnificence of the 3, 6 and 9, then you would have a key to the universe.
— Nikola Tesla
Casting Out the Nines from PHI into Indigs reveals the Cosmic Harmonic Code.
— Junglelord.
Knowledge is Structured in Consciouness. Structure and Function Cannot Be Seperated.
— Junglelord

User avatar
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Posts: 3693
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Location: Canada

Re: History of the Z Pinch and Theta Pinch Rewritten!

Unread post by junglelord » Tue Mar 18, 2008 5:58 am

Its important to notice the modern Z Pinch runs on a single shot test.


Telsa ran his Pinch in a continuous pulse mode.


Even fundamentally with that thought in mind we can see that a continuous process like the sun is much more represented in the Tesla Theta Pinch. Compare the Theta design vs the Z design with the single shot mode and we continue to move away from a true experimental process that models the sun.

Does a Theta Pinch running continuous not more resemble the sun then a Z Pinch in single shot mode?
If you only knew the magnificence of the 3, 6 and 9, then you would have a key to the universe.
— Nikola Tesla
Casting Out the Nines from PHI into Indigs reveals the Cosmic Harmonic Code.
— Junglelord.
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Re: History of the Z Pinch and Theta Pinch Rewritten!

Unread post by junglelord » Tue Mar 18, 2008 8:22 am

I wish someone had told me this when I went to electronics college.

Background For Pursuing Scalar Electromagnetics
T.E. Bearden, February 1992

Note
This informal paper is augmented and adapted from a letter to a young senior in EE, who was planning to pursue his doctorate, and asked for advice in understanding the scalar electromagnetics area and choosing either physics or EE as a major. The reply back to the student enclosed several formal background papers. [Ref 1, Ref 2] This paper is a sort of "executive summary" of scalar EM.

To Correspondent
Delighted to see you are interested in the material and the approach; I will try to give you some quick answers to your main questions.
Best is to simply start with my latest book, "Gravitobiology", from the Tesla Book Co., POB 12183, Chula Vista, CA 91912, phone (619) 426-8213.

Two Kinds of Electromagnetics
Specifically, you must understand that there are two kinds of EM. One is flawed and in the normal textbooks, and you will study it in your education process. The other kind is not in your textbooks at all, but it is in some good technical papers, if you know what they are, what to read, and how to put them together. By the time you get your doctorate, hopefully scalar electromagnetics will be in fashion at most of the leading universities.
For the second, unknown kind of EM, you should read the two Whittaker papers bound in as Annexes to the Gravitobiology book. [Ref 3,Ref 4] They give you the basic theory you need, for the internal EM and for scalar EM potential interferometry. Study them until the material is coming out of your ears in your sleep.


Internal EM Structure of the Scalar Potential
Briefly, Whittaker shows you that a scalar EM potential is comprised of bidirectional EM wave pairs, where the pairs are harmonics and phase-locked together. In each coupled wave/antiwave pair, a true forward-time EM wave is coupled to a time-reversal of itself -- its phase conjugate replica antiwave. The two waves are spatially in phase, but temporally they are 180 degrees out of phase. That combined energy thus stresses the "time dimension', and in fact alters the local rate of flow of time itself. Please note how fundamental that statement is. Everything may be said to exist in time, or "move along in time," or to "be in linear motion along the time axis." When you stress and alter the rate of flow of time, you also affect all those time-present things such as inertia of an object, mass of the object, its angular momentum, clock rates, etc. You directly engineer local general relativity, and you electromagnetically curve local spacetime.

Time Reversal and the Time-Reversed EM Wave
You must understand time-reversal and the time-reversed EM wave [Ref 5] itself, including the theory of the phase conjugate mirror and of the pumped phase conjugate mirror (from nonlinear optics.) Yariv [Ref 6] Chapter 16 and Pepper [Ref 7, Ref 8] are key to that understanding. Study these references also until the material is coming out of your ears in your sleep.

Also study Sachs' overview of time reversal in physics. [Ref 9] Here you will find that time-reversal still isn't well understood at all, but Sachs does a marvelous job in presenting what is known and used. You should also realize that a time-reversed (TR) wave is seen by the observer in his own "forward time." Hence he sees the wave spatially reversed. In short, he sees the same thing as he would see if a movie -- of the wave expressed as a forward time wave -- were simply reversed. So the TR wave ever-converges on its course, rather than diverges. Convergence is the time-reversal of divergence. Apply similar TR processes to other characteristics of a normal wave, by letting the movie film run backward in your mind. Notice particularly what happens to the forward-time entropy of scattered waves -- it becomes negentropy when you time-reverse the scattered waves. You can recover "order" or "energy" even after it's been scattered in performing work, by phase conjugate reflection. And then you can use it again. Remember, every system is driven, with continual input and output of energy. We are not violating the conservation of energy of a closed system, because we are not talking about a closed system.


3. E. T. Whittaker, "On the partial differential equations of mathematical physics," Mathematische Annalen, Vol. 57, 1903, p. 333-355. In this paper Whittaker proved that all scalar EM potentials have an internal, organized, bidirectional EM plane-wave structure. Thus there exists an electromagnetics that is totally internal to the scalar EM potential. Since vacuum/spacetime is scalar potential, then this internal EM is in fact "internal" to the local potentialized vacuum/spacetime. For discovery of the Whittaker-type structure in sonic potentials, see Richard W. Ziolkowski, "Localized transmission of wave energy," Proc. SPIE Vol. 1061, Microwave and Particle Beam Sources and Directed Energy Concepts, Jan. 1989, p. 396-397. For a mention of this same type of bidirectional EM wave Whittaker structure in the potential connected with the Schroedinger equation, see V.K. Ignatovich, "The remarkable capabilities of recursive relations," American Journal of Physics, 57(10), Oct. 1989, p. 873-878. So far, American physicists have shown by their nonreaction to Ignatovich's paper that they have not yet realized that this is a methodology for directly engineering quantum change, and hence physical reality itself.

4. E. T. Whittaker, "On an expression of the electromagnetic field due to electrons by means of two scalar potential functions," Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society, Series 2, Vol. 1, 1904, p. 367-372. In this paper Whittaker showed that all the classical electromagnetics can be replaced by scalar potential interferometry. This ignored paper anticipated the Aharonov-Bohm (AB) effect by 55 years, and drastically extended it as well. Indeed, it prescribes a macroscopic AB effect that is distance-independent, providing a direct and engineerable mechanism for action-at-a-distance. It also provides a testable hidden-variable theory that predicts drastically new and novel effects.

http://www.geocities.com/Area51/Shadowl ... html#Ref03
If you only knew the magnificence of the 3, 6 and 9, then you would have a key to the universe.
— Nikola Tesla
Casting Out the Nines from PHI into Indigs reveals the Cosmic Harmonic Code.
— Junglelord.
Knowledge is Structured in Consciouness. Structure and Function Cannot Be Seperated.
— Junglelord

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Re: Recovered: History of the Z Pinch and Theta Pinch Rewritten!

Unread post by bboyer » Tue Mar 18, 2008 6:32 pm

Posted: Tue Jan 22, 2008 9:50 am Post subject: Reply with quote

Junglelord appears to have opened up a whole can of worms here. Has anybody considered the implications for extraterrestrial communications to pulse-width modulating a z- or theta-pinch? Thornhill believes that sea of neutrino aether vibrations (longitudinal EM waves) would travel to the OTHER SIDE of Andromeda within just one second!

I think we can reasonably expect that there is observable chatter somewhere on this line. We'd be wise to keep this in mind as we all re-learn how Tesla's transmitters and receivers worked. We should keep in the backs of our minds the question of how to select the most probable "channel" for chatter using this technique of communications ...

How surreal it would be though if you were a scientist of the conventional type working on a quantum mechanics problem only to one day accidentally observe non-random information-laced fluctuations in your spooky action at a distance! (Thornhill believes that spooky action at a distance is in fact the longitudinal wave, which is so fast to us that it appears instantaneous). This is potentially a lot more possible than anybody has ever considered.

And how ironic it is that *twice* in the history of science a concept called "action at a distance" appears to have been a failed concept. Michael Faraday was fighting against the exact same phrase back in his day before Maxwell quantified Faraday's laboratory work ...

OP "pln2bz"
There is something beyond our mind which abides in silence within our mind. It is the supreme mystery beyond thought. Let one's mind and one's subtle body rest upon that and not rest on anything else. [---][/---] Maitri Upanishad

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Re: Recovered: History of the Z Pinch and Theta Pinch Rewritten!

Unread post by bboyer » Tue Mar 18, 2008 6:33 pm

Posted: Tue Jan 22, 2008 10:51 pm Post subject: Reply with quote

- All I know about a z-pinch is the demonstration video clip I saw on Thornhill's Electric Universe CD. An aluminum soda can was shown getting a quick z-pinch electrical shock. It demonstrated that the z-pinch confines matter to a small diameter. As I understand EU theorists, it takes 2 or more z-pinches in space to get a jet of plasma to form into a sphere, i.e. a star. The first pinch dams up the flow of plasma and succeeding pinches make successive dams down the line, so the plasma between adjacent dams becomes a glob, a globule, a globe.
- I hadn't heard of a theta pinch until just lately on this or another thread. The theta pinch would not form stars, would it, if it's a continuous pinch? How would the theta pinch work on the sun? What is being pinched? Is the theta pinch the same shape as a z-pinch? The z-pinch I think is a circular pinch, like a rubber band or corset, that squeezes inward in 2 dimensions around the cross-section of tubular material. If the theta pinch operates that way too, then what does it operate on? Would it operate on solar flares? Those are kind of tubular jets. Or what about the vertical tornadoes in the photosphere? Those are pretty continuous. But, so far, thinking out loud doesn't seem to have helped me much to visualize how the theta pinch would work on the Sun. Can you elaborate?

OP "lk"
There is something beyond our mind which abides in silence within our mind. It is the supreme mystery beyond thought. Let one's mind and one's subtle body rest upon that and not rest on anything else. [---][/---] Maitri Upanishad

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Re: Recovered: History of the Z Pinch and Theta Pinch Rewritten!

Unread post by bboyer » Tue Mar 18, 2008 6:38 pm

Posted: Wed Jan 23, 2008 12:04 am Post subject: Reply with quote

Plasma Dictionary:
Term: Z-Pinch
Definition: A type of pinch device in which the externally-driven pinching current goes in the z direction, parallel to the axis of the cylindrical plasma. Parallel current filaments attract one another, imploding the pinch plasma. Z pinch devices have been studied for centuries, but became especially interesting in the 1950s as candidates for magnetic confinement fusion. The pinch plasmas themselves are too magnetohydrodynamically unstable to produce fusion energy. However, present-day Z pinch devices are excellent sources of intense X-rays, producing peak X-ray powers greater than 100 TW from cylindrical pinch plasmas some 10 to 20 mm long and 2 mm in diameter. Among several possible applications, these X-rays might be useful for producing inertial confinement fusion.

Term: Theta Pinch or Thetatron
Definition: A fast-pulsed pinch device in which an externally imposed current goes in the azimuthal/circumferential direction (generally in a solenoid) around a cylindrical plasma. Use of a fast-rising solenoidal current causes a rapidly increasing axial magnetic field, which compresses and heats the plasma.

Plasma-universe.com: Pinch. Draw your attention to the can crushing.

Now turn the can sideways:
NGC6302.jpg
NGC 6302
NGC2440.jpg
NGC 2440
fornaxA.jpg
Elliptical galaxy, NGC1316 aka FornaxA

Hmmmm..... interesting.

OP "Solar"
There is something beyond our mind which abides in silence within our mind. It is the supreme mystery beyond thought. Let one's mind and one's subtle body rest upon that and not rest on anything else. [---][/---] Maitri Upanishad

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Re: Recovered: History of the Z Pinch and Theta Pinch Rewritten!

Unread post by bboyer » Tue Mar 18, 2008 6:39 pm

Posted: Wed Jan 23, 2008 2:35 pm Post subject: Reply with quote

Would not the sun be functioning in both modes...Z Pinch and Theta Pinch?
;)

I realized this morning it must function in both modes.
:D
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Man lives in the sunlit world of what he believes to be reality. But there is, unseen by most, an underworld, a place that is just as real, but not as brightly lit... a Darkside."

OP "junglelord"
There is something beyond our mind which abides in silence within our mind. It is the supreme mystery beyond thought. Let one's mind and one's subtle body rest upon that and not rest on anything else. [---][/---] Maitri Upanishad

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Re: Recovered: History of the Z Pinch and Theta Pinch Rewritten!

Unread post by bboyer » Tue Mar 18, 2008 6:41 pm

Posted: Wed Jan 23, 2008 4:39 pm Post subject: Reply with quote

An interesting link to the Colorado Impulse Magnifying Transmitter experiments.
http://www.tfcbooks.com/mall/more/371tcbg.htm

Mr Richard Hull has experience with Magnifyers and Mr. Hull also offers a video tape series which includes a video presentation on the construction of homemade pulse discharging high-voltage capacitors
http://www.tfcbooks.com/mall/hull.htm
GUIDE TO COLORADO SPRINGS NOTES
Richard Hull, 1994, published by Twenty First Century Books, or
available from the author: Richard Hull, 7103 Hermatiage Road,
Richmond VA, 23228. Cost is $22.50 (which includes shipping and
handling in the U.S.), and well worth the price. Richard Hull is
head of an informal group: Tesla Coil Builders Of Richmond
(T.C.B.O.R.), which is currently the world leader in Tesla
Magnifier development. Mr. Hull also offers a video tape series
which includes a video presentation on the construction of
homemade pulse discharging high-voltage capacitors (Video #3).

http://www.pupman.com/listarchives/1994 ... 00014.html
all of Tesla's Patents
http://www.corrosion-doctors.org/Biogra ... atents.htm
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Man lives in the sunlit world of what he believes to be reality. But there is, unseen by most, an underworld, a place that is just as real, but not as brightly lit... a Darkside."

OP "junglelord"
There is something beyond our mind which abides in silence within our mind. It is the supreme mystery beyond thought. Let one's mind and one's subtle body rest upon that and not rest on anything else. [---][/---] Maitri Upanishad

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Re: Recovered: History of the Z Pinch and Theta Pinch Rewritten!

Unread post by bboyer » Tue Mar 18, 2008 6:45 pm

Posted: Thu Jan 24, 2008 2:17 am Post subject: Reply with quote
junglelord wrote: Would not the sun be functioning in both modes...Z Pinch and Theta Pinch?
:?

I realized this morning it must function in both modes.
:D
Exactly. And not just the sun as the pic of FornaxA might demonstrate but in galaxies also. I make the same suggestion of multi-pinch operation based on the photos. And/or evolutionary 'stages' wherein one pinch type may have more dominance that another. But regardless, I fail to see how LDM waves would not accompany TEM the electric currents that produce them so it seems that they would have to be in both modes.

An axial current (around the circumference) "...around a cylindrical plasma. Use of a fast-rising solenoidal current causes a rapidly increasing axial magnetic field, which compresses and heats the plasma."
radioG3C296.jpg
Radio Galaxy 3C296 aka Elliptical galaxy NGC5532

That is one very nice cylindrical plasma column above with the center compressed perhaps by way of the axial magnetic field, which would run parallel to Birkeland currents as they intersect the double layer of 'dark plasma clouds' to produce galaxies.

Needless to say, one can't help but wonder on the implications for Theta-pinch with regard to galactic jets. It seems that it would have to be the result of both pinches being active to get Birkeland current parallel "jets", yet both those primary Birkeland currents and the "jets" are perpendicular to the electromagnetic field running parallel with galactic plane.

Radio Galaxy 3C296 is an elliptical galaxy so hasn't yet combined with another for the plasma-focus action to ensue; resulting in a barred spiral or classic spiral galaxy depending on the homogeneity of the plasmas involved. Very interesting.

OP "Solar"
There is something beyond our mind which abides in silence within our mind. It is the supreme mystery beyond thought. Let one's mind and one's subtle body rest upon that and not rest on anything else. [---][/---] Maitri Upanishad

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Re: Recovered: History of the Z Pinch and Theta Pinch Rewritten!

Unread post by bboyer » Tue Mar 18, 2008 6:46 pm

Posted: Thu Jan 24, 2008 3:08 am Post subject: Reply with quote

- Birkeland currents are somewhat tube-shaped. Was I right in saying that the z-pinch is like tightening a rubber band around this [elastic, Birkeland current] tube? I.e. the force is inward from the circumference of the tube and perpendicular to the tube axis or current flow?
- Now, is the theta pinch inward from the ends of the tube or current? And is it parallel and anti-parallel to the axis or current flow direction?

OP "lk"
There is something beyond our mind which abides in silence within our mind. It is the supreme mystery beyond thought. Let one's mind and one's subtle body rest upon that and not rest on anything else. [---][/---] Maitri Upanishad

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Re: Recovered: History of the Z Pinch and Theta Pinch Rewritten!

Unread post by bboyer » Tue Mar 18, 2008 6:49 pm

Posted: Thu Jan 24, 2008 11:23 am Post subject: Reply with quote
lk wrote: - Birkeland currents are somewhat tube-shaped.
Yes - totally tubular dude, but they form filaments (twist, helical) like 'rope'. So one could say that they are 'twisted' ion 'beams'.
Was I right in saying that the z-pinch is like tightening a rubber band around this [elastic, Birkeland current] tube? I.e. the force is inward from the circumference of the tube and perpendicular to the tube axis or current flow?
That would be the Theta-pinch. It's like the helically twisted paper tube everyone is familiar with around which paper towels are wrapped. Tie a string around the middle of one and you mimic the current flow of a Theta-pinch. Then tighten the string. Now you mimic the current flow AND compressive electromagnetic field of a Theta-pinch around a plasma column.
Now, is the theta pinch inward from the ends of the tube or current? And is it parallel and anti-parallel to the axis or current flow direction?
The [electro]magnetic field of the Theta-pinch would be compressing inward from the 'sides' of the column. The current flow of the Theta-pinch would wrap around the horizon or 'waist' of the plasma column. When a person stands straight up they are like the plasma column. The main Birkeland currents would flow parallel (in line with) along the length of the body from head to toe, or from toe to head depending on the polarity.

Now, that person puts on a belt. The belt would be the (electric) current flow of the Theta-pinch traveling anti-parallel (or perpendicular) to the person's body. Magnetic fields are then perpendicular to the flow of that current. Which would mean that the magnetic field of the horizontal Theta-pinch would then run parallel with the main Birkeland currents of the plasma column. The strength with which the belt was tightened would be analogous to the compressive strength of the magnetic field of the Theta-pinch. Taken as a whole, in the sense of a visible structure or formation - it would be the conical 'hour-glass' formation. The one that runs perpendicular to the plane of a galaxy for example. Like this one:
web-1.jpg
Starburst Galaxy M82

WOW!!! I just had a major realization! Can't say yet.... must formulate and constrain idea.

Last edited by Solar on Thu Jan 24, 2008 10:28 pm; edited 1 time in total

OP "Solar"
There is something beyond our mind which abides in silence within our mind. It is the supreme mystery beyond thought. Let one's mind and one's subtle body rest upon that and not rest on anything else. [---][/---] Maitri Upanishad

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