Modern geology needs “sudden” narratives for mountain building—more in line with the legends of mountains appearing on what had been, before a time of “commotion,” a plain. (See, for example, pp. 419-425 in Flare Star by Dwardu Cardona.) --- Strata would not accumulate in horizontal beds and then be folded and eroded into mountains over millions of years. Instead, strata would be deposited or formed in place as we see them over centuries or decades—or maybe days. In an Electric Universe, the process could be analogous to electrostatic painting. It could be a scaled-up version of sand dune formation: the role of electricity in constructing dunes is only beginning to be investigated. --- It would be good to find some maverick geologist who can run an electric current through a pile of sand and turn it into granite and basalt, especially without melting it. It would be good to find an artist whose creative eye can visualize ridges of mountains deposited like sand dunes from a global hurricane of dust and debris. It would be good to find a plasma physicist who can describe electric currents snaking over and through the Earth during episodes of planetary instability.
The Namib desert also reveals thousands of square kilometers that are covered by hardened ridges that are covered by a thin veneer of sand. Instead of being dunes, per se, they are actually solidified stone that look as if a violent wind blew across molten magma, setting the ripples in place. --- One place where such hardened waves are found is Antarctica. Stone ripples are there, but even more anomalous snow dunes can also be seen. In 1997, the Canadian Radarsat satellite photographed gigantic megadunes 100 kilometers long, with separations of two kilometers between crests. --- ...
Antarctica is the world's driest desert and the ice packs on at less than a half inch per year, so if wind and minute ice crystals are causing the snow dunes to form, no one can see it happening. Indeed, a comparison of images from the 1960s with more recent radar scans demonstrates that they have not changed shape or moved out of position for nearly 40 years.
The lack of movement and the hardness of the dunes (and the ripples) suggests that they were solidified and have remained in place since they were initially formed. In other words, they were glassified and fused together into immobile structures while retaining the appearance of loosely piled sand. Cathode sputtering and subsequent electrical deposition of the finely divided material onto oppositely charged regions across the surface could explain the ersatz dunes. --- There is also the fractal-like reduction in scale when considering ripples and dunes. Even small dune "tendrils" have smaller ripples. Dune crests like those in Rabe crater can be 200 meters high, while the tendrils are no more than ten centimeters but with the same morphology. What aeolian process can account for this progressive fractal reduction in scale? In electrical terms this is no anomaly since plasma discharges are scalar across many orders of magnitude.
Lloyd wrote:* Many or most Velikovsky followers don't agree with a lot of his material. Your description of hurricane-force winds and floods forming mountain ranges and rigid dune fields is no longer given much credit any longer, because electrical forces seem to be largely responsible.
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