Aug 21, 2008
Holes in Space
In the gravitational
model of the universe, "dark matter" attraction pulls
galaxies into filaments. Birkeland currents could be a
recent announcement in the astronomical journals and
popular press identifies an area of space as a "huge
hole" completely empty of matter and energy.
"Not only has no
one ever found a void this big, but we never even expected
to find one this size," said researcher Lawrence Rudnick of
the University of Minnesota.
The hole isn't
really a hole, it is an area of space where the temperature
Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) is lower than the
surrounding region. Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson
inadvertently discovered the CMB in 1965 in the now fabled
experiment where they detected noise in the signal coming
from a radio receiver they were building. After cleaning out
pigeon nests from the horn of the radio receiver and
rewiring the system from top-to-bottom, the noise persisted.
Finally, after weeks of investigation into the cause, the
noise was identified as coming from every region of the sky
and not from their receiver.
The "noise" was
later to be called the "remnant signal from the beginning of
the universe" because it appeared to be radiating uniformly
at a microwave frequency corresponding to a temperature of
2.7 degrees above absolute zero (-270.45 degrees
centigrade). Since the expanding universe theory had been
Gamow in 1948 as an initial
zero-point energy field inflating into the space-time
that we experience today, the electromagnetic energy created
in that event should have cooled and dimmed over the
billions of years since it came into being. The discovery by
Penzias and Wilson confirmed the hypothesis (as well as
several other competing hypotheses).
analyzing data from the
Very Large Array radio telescope in New Mexico, a drop
in temperature has been detected. According to the "redshift-equals-distance"
theory, the "void" extends for almost a billion light-years.
"Although our surprising results need independent
confirmation, the slightly colder temperature of the CMB in
this region appears to be caused by a huge hole devoid of
nearly all matter roughly 6 to 10 billion light-years from
Earth," Rudnick said.
Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) was launched
June 30, 2001, from Cape Canaveral in an attempt at
understanding some unusual telemetry returned by the
Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE) satellite in 1992.
Temperature fluctuations appeared in the data, which seemed
to mission specialists as if there were regions of lower
mass density in the universe. Since the Big Bang theory did
not account for such areas of anisotropy - matter and energy
should be evenly distributed - an instrument was
manufactured with higher resolution detectors. The WMAP
survey verified COBE's results.
Universe (EU) theory has an entirely different way of
addressing these matters. It does not rely on unseen and
undetectable matter whose existence can only be inferred. It
does not violate its own gravitational cosmology by
inventing an anti-gravity force so that galactic
acceleration can be explained. Instead, EU theory states
that what we see in the universe is what we get. The
electric currents flowing through ionized gas and dust
provide the energy for the stars and present themselves in
straightforward and understandable ways without resorting to
author and EU theorist
Wal Thornhill points out:
"If Arp and
others are right and the Big Bang is dead, what does the
Cosmic Microwave Background signify? The simplest answer,
from the highly successful field of plasma cosmology, is
that it represents the natural microwave radiation from
electric current filaments in interstellar plasma local to
the Sun. Radio astronomers have mapped the interstellar
hydrogen filaments by using longer wavelength receivers. The
dense thicket formed by those filaments produces a perfect
fog of microwave radiation - as if we were located inside a
microwave oven. Instead of the Cosmic Microwave Background,
it is the Interstellar Microwave Background. That makes
sense of the fact that the CMB is too smooth to account for
the lumpiness of galaxies and galactic clusters in the
So, in reality,
there is no temperature fluctuation from the earliest days
of the universe. There is no CMB and there is no
anti-gravity accelerating matter in the distant cosmos to
almost the speed of light. Birkeland currents flowing
through plasma in mega-parsec filaments ignite the stars and
form spinning galactic pinwheels as far out as our
instruments can see.
By Stephen Smith
Please visit our new "Thunderblog" page
Through the initiative of managing
editor Dave Smith, weve begun the launch of a new
presentations of fact and opinion, with emphasis on
and the explanatory power of the Electric Universe."
new: online video page
The Electric Sky and The Electric Universe