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A combined radio and X-ray image of pulsar PSR B1509-58.
Credit: NASA/CXC/SAO/P.Slane, et al.


Pulsed Power
May 06, 2010

The finger-like structures in this nebula are the signature of electric currents flowing through clouds of plasma.

According to a press release from the Chandra X-ray Telescope Observatory last year, "A small, dense object only twelve miles in diameter is responsible for this beautiful X-ray nebula [above] that spans 150 light years." The object to which they refer is a rapidly rotating neutron star called a "pulsar." The pulsar that Chandra saw in the constellation Circinus flashes once every seven seconds, so the neutron star must be rotating at an amazing speed if consensus theories are correct.

Neutron stars are supposed to answer the question of anomalous pulsar behavior, especially when their brightness fluctuates over a short time, sometimes fractions of a second. They are said to be the remains of stars that have undergone supernova explosions, blowing off their outer layers, leaving an ultra-dense core behind. It is thought that all the electrons in the remaining stellar core are crushed by intense gravity until they are forced to combine with protons in the atomic nuclei, forming matter so dense that a single teaspoon would weigh billions of tons on Earth.

As conventional theories propose, some neutron stars have hot spots: regions where so-called "magnetic reconnection events" take place, emitting copious radiation at various frequencies. Since neutron stars are thought to be incredibly dense, they are also thought to have exceptionally strong magnetic fields. The "reconnection" in those strong fields means that the hot spots are often X-ray or gamma ray sources when they "rotate" into the view of Earth-based detectors.

It is a well-established fact that magnetic fields are induced by electric currents, so an electric current must be generating the intense fields in PSR B1509-58. It is also indisputable that the current must be part of a circuit, since electric current must flow in a completed circuit.

The Electric Universe hypothesis requires no collapsed stars or rotational speeds so great that ordinary matter could never take the strain. Pulsar oscillations are due to resonant effects in their electric circuits. The release of electrical energy from a “double layer” is responsible for the occasional outburst of X-rays or gamma rays. Those outbursts emit sudden peaks of energy and then decline, like lightning bolts.

In the image at the top of the page, the emissions are shown in green and blue, representing medium and high energy X-rays. Two radio lobes, or jets, are also visible in purple. The lobes are thought to be the result of precession in the star, creating the two jets as it wobbles. The extreme density of the neutron star influences its intense gravitational field around it, so the rapid precession causes waves in the ejected material.

Previous Thunderbolts Picture of the Day articles have touched on the subject of neutron stars and discussed the various problems associated with them. Primarily, neutron stars violate the "Island of stability" principal. Plotting the number of neutrons against the number of protons in the nuclei of all elements demonstrates that the ratio is about one-to-one for light elements and one point five-to-one for the heavy ones. An atomic nucleus outside the range will spontaneously decay so that it reaches a stable configuration and remains in equilibrium. If there are too few neutrons the atom will emit protons in order to stabilize and vise-versa. A nucleus composed of neutrons alone would be completely unstable and immediately decay.

In the electric star hypothesis, no exotic objects like neutron stars are necessary. Electricity is more than able to create the phenomena we see from Chandra and other orbiting space stations. Electricity is the force powering the stars. The more electricity, the greater the effect on stellar output, causing powerful bursts of energy that are detected by instruments like Chandra. The stars are anodes in a huge galactic circuit and the standard models for their behavior will always fail to adequately explain the observations.

Stephen Smith

Hat tip to Jason Brown




"The Cosmic Thunderbolt"

YouTube video, first glimpses of Episode Two in the "Symbols of an Alien Sky" series.


And don't forget: "The Universe Electric"

Three ebooks in the Universe Electric series are now available. Consistently praised for easily understandable text and exquisite graphics.

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